Goa is the smallest state in India according to area and the fourth smallest state according to populatiothe . Goa is known for its beautiful seashore and famous architecture all over the world. Goa was a colony of Portugal first . Tfirst.uguese ruled Goa for about 450 years and in December 1961 it was assigned to the Indian administration.
Origin of the name
Mahabharata refers to Goa Goprashtr ie cow get into the country Cranewalon. South Konkan region is found in the form of Govarashtra . In some other ancient sources of Sanskrit , Goa is called Gopakpuri and Gopakapatna , which are mentioned in the Harivansham and Skanda Purana , besides other texts  . Somewhere in Goa Goancl has said. Other names include Gove , Goopuri , Gupkapatan and Gomant chief. PtolemyHas mentioned Goa as a gauba in the year 200 . Arab medieval passengers indicated by the name of Chandrapur this field Chandur which was mainly a coastal city. The place that Portugal ‘s travelers named Goa is Goya-Velha, the small coastal town of today. Later, the entire area was called Goa, which the Portuguese had occupied.
According to Janshurti, God Parshuram in Goa, which includes the Konkan region (and which is extending from Gujarat to Kerala ) was composed . It is said that Parshuram during a yagna had pushed the ocean into many places by the rain of his arrows and people say that due to this, many places in Goa are still named Vannavali, Kainasthali etc. North Goa Harmal a mountain today brown near Parshuram is considered a place of sacrifice to.
History of Goa
The long history of Goa begins with the beginning of the third century BC when the rule of the Maurya dynasty was established here. Later, at the beginning of the first century, the authority of the rulers of the Satavahan dynasty of Kolhapur was established and the Chalukya rulers of Badami ruled this year from 580 to 750 . In the subsequent years, many different rulers took power over it. In the year 1312 Goa was under the rule of Delhi Sultanate for the first time , but they were dispersed from Harihar first gate , the ruler of Vijayanagara . Vijayanagar rulers for the next hundred years, ruled here in 1469 inGulberg ‘s Bahamani Sultan was again made part of the Delhi Sultanate . After the fall of the Bahamian rulers, Adil Shah of Bijapur was captured, which made GoA-Velha his second capital.
In 1510, the Portuguese defeated ruling Bijapur Sultan Yusuf Adil Shah with the help of Timaimaya, a local ally. They established a permanent state in Velha Goa. It was the beginning of Portuguese rule in Goa that lasted for the next four and a half centuries.
In 1843, the Portuguese capital was taken from Velh Goa to Panjim. By the mid-18th century, the current state of Portuguese Goa was expanded to much of the border.
India gained independence from the British in 1947, India requested that Portuguese territories be handed over to India in the Indian subcontinent. But Portugal refused to negotiate the sovereignty of its Indian enclaves. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army conducted military operations with the Operation Vijay for the merger of Goa, Daman, Diu in the Indian Union, and as a result, Goa became a centrally administered territory of Daman and Divabha. On May 30, 1987, the Union Territory was divided, and Goa was made the twenty-fifth state of India. While Daman and Diu remained the Union Territory.
Goa’s leading industry is tourism . Apart from tourism, the iron mineral is also found in Goa which is exported to countries like Japan and China . Goa is also known for the fish industry, but the fish here are not exported but sold in local markets. The cashew here is exported to Saudi Arabia , the UK and other European nations. As a tourist, the rest of the industry, which depend on tourism, are also on the verge of loud noise. There is only one airport in Goa and the other is yet to be created.
People and Culture in Goa
Goa has been under the Portuguese rule for nearly 500 years , because of this, the influence of European culture here is felt very much. About 60% of Goa’s population is Hindu and around 28% of the population is Christian . One particular thing about Goa is that in the Christian society here, caste system like Hindus is found.
Christian society has much influence in the southern part of Goa but there is a Hindu influence in Vastu Shastra . The oldest temples are seen in Goa. There are a fewer number of Christians in North Goa, so there are many examples of Portuguese architecture.
Goa’s culture is very ancient in terms of culture. 1000 years ago it was said that Goa was known as “Konkan Kashi”. Although the Portuguese tried very hard to eradicate the culture of the culture here, but the original culture here was so strong that even after conversion, it did not disappear.
With the advent of rainy season, nature gives Goa a very different, but supernatural form. This place greatly appreciates peace loving tourists and nature lovers. Goa is a small state. There are about 40 small coastal areas here. Some of these beaches are of international standards. For this reason, Goa has its own identity on the map of the World Tourism Map.
Goa is the hottest tourist destination in the summer months. When this crowd is over, then it starts here, a series of tourists who want to enjoy the monsoon here.
In the long queue of Goa’s pleasing beach, the most famous Calangute beach, 16 km from Panaji, is near Baga beach which comes in 2nd famoust beaches category, Miramar Beach near Panaji beach, and Donapaula Beach is located at the mouth of the Juan River. On the other side, Kolva beach is one of the only such seagrates where tourists will definitely want to come during monsoon. Not only this, if the weather accompanies the other beautiful seashores such as Vagator Beach, Anjuna Beach, Sinqueirum Beach, Palolem Beach, can also be seen. The holy temples of Goa, which are visible to Shri Kamakshi, Saptakeshwar, Shri Shantadurga, Mahalsa Narayani, Bhagwati Mandir of Parnem and Mahalaxmi etc.
How to reach Goa
Goa by Air: Dabolim Airport is the domestic airport that is connected to all the major cities of the country. In recent years, international flights to Panaji airport have also begun for Goa.
Goa by Road: Goa is very well connected to Mumbai, Bangalore, these luxury buses run from Goa to Goa. Apart from this, other nearby cities can also be taken by road.
Goa by Rail: Since the beginning of Konkan Railway here, Goa has been connected to the eastern coastal cities of India. Konkan Railway is famous for its speed and good service all over India. Apart from this, you can catch a direct train for Vasco da Gama from any major station in the country to come to Goa.
Travel within Goa
Taxi without a meter and meter taxis are the most popular means of transporting tourists from one place to another. In non-meter taxis, passengers already decide about the hire.
Just are run by mostly settled private drivers in Goa. Generally, there is a lot of crowd in buses. The Kadamb bus service is run here by the Goa government, which includes slow-moving buses and long-distance buses of fast service.
Panaji is the capital of Goa. Modern markets also attract tourists. In the city settled on the banks of the Mandvi river, the Sailani reaches the river cruise to enjoy the evening. On the floating cruise on Mandvi, music and dance programs get a glimpse of Goa’s culture.